Experiences and attitudes of registered nurses towards the implementation of quality improvement programmes at a government hospital in Eswatini
Keywords:attitudes, experiences, registered nurses (RNs), implementation, quality improvement programme (QIP)
Quality improvement is becoming the cornerstone of effective and efficient delivery of quality healthcare services in recent times. Among other healthcare workers, nurses are the primary implementers of quality improvement programmes (QIPs). Their knowledge, understanding, attitudes and motivation determine the potential effects of the programmes. This study explored the experiences of registered nurses (RNs) towards the implementation of the QIP at a government hospital in Swaziland. The RNs’ attitudes toward the programme were also explored. Non-probability, purposive sampling was used to select the sample that comprised of eight RNs. Data were collected through in-depth, face-to-face interviews to explore and describe the RNs’ experiences and attitudes regarding the implementation of QIPs. A semi-structured interview guide was used to ask questions until data saturation was reached. Data analysis was conducted following Tesch’s method. Ethical considerations were adhered to. The results revealed both negative and positive experiences of the RNs towards QIPs. A negative attitude towards the programme developed due to the manner in which the programmes were introduced to the RNs and their perception of the programme as work overload. However, there was a positive outlook by the RNs towards the programme after they had undergone training on a QIP. The training improved their knowledge, job satisfaction and client outcome. They developed motivation, interest and commitment despite the challenges they encountered. The programme also enhanced the spirit of teamwork among the RNs and the support staff.
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