YOUTH COUNCILLORS' PERCEPTIONS OF PARTICIPATION AT A MUNICIPAL LEVEL: THE CASE OF A LIMPOPO DISTRICT MUNICIPALITY

Authors

  • Edith Dinong Phaswana University of South Africa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.25159/0304-615X/1512

Keywords:

youth council, participation, South Africa, municipality

Abstract

Over the past three decades youth participation as a theoretical, practical and policy approach has gained popularity globally. In 1996, South Africa established various youth institutions at national, provincial and local level. This has translated into many adult organisations having to make a shift in their thinking and operations. This includes municipalities at local level. In this paper, I focus on one district municipality in the Limpopo province to examine youth participation practices. I use Driskell and Kudva’s framework of spaces of participation for adult-run organisations seeking to promote youth participation to examine the appropriateness of a municipality as a space for participation practice. My research shows that adult attitudes towards young people can potentially undermine the creation of other participatory spaces However, bounded operational issues can be countered by the structural opportunities existing there.

Author Biography

Edith Dinong Phaswana, University of South Africa

Senior Lecturer, Thabo Mbeki African Leadership Institute

References

ANCYL. (2004). Confronting the future, seizing opportunities of democracy. Papers for the African National Congress Youth League 22nd National Congress. Johannesburg: Special Congress Publications.

Author & Chereni, A. (2014). A Review of youth legislations, policies and institutions in South Africa. Pretoria: Department of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation.

Author. (2014). A review of legislation, policies and institutions related to youth development in South Africa. Pretoria: Department of Monitoring and Evaluation.

Barber, T., & Naulty, M. (2005). Your place or mine? A research study exploring young people's participation in community planning. University of Dundee. Retrieved January 04, 2006, from http://www.youthlink.co.uk/docs/Practice%20Development/Your%20Place%20or%20Mine%20report.pdf

Borland, K., Hill, M., Laybourn, A., & Stafford, A. (2001). Improving consultation with children and young people in relevant aspects of policy-making and legislation in Scotland. University of Glasgow: Centre for Child and Society.

Buso, N., Mogoera, L., & Lenka, M. (2004). Integrating youth development in the Free State. Bloemfontein: HSRC.

Cornwall, A. (2004). Spaces of transformation? Reflections on issues of power and difference in participation in development. In S. Hickey, & G. Mohan, Participation: From tyranny to transformation? Exploring new approaches in participation (pp. 75-91). London: Zed Books.

De Vos, A. S. (2005). Research at grassroots: For the social sciences and human service proffessions. Van Schaik: Pretoria.

Denzin, N. (1970). The research act in sociology; A theoretical introduction to sociological method. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Denzin, N. (1970a) Strategies of multiple triangulations. In N. Denzin, (Ed.) The research act in sociology: a theoretical introduction to sociological method. New York, McGraw-Hill

Driskell, D., & Kudva, N. (2009). Creating spaces for participation: The role of organisational practice in structuring youth participation. Community Development 40(4), 367-380.

Driskell, D., & Kudva, N. (2009). Everyday ethis: Farmaing youth participation in organisational practice. Les Ateliers de L'ethique 4 (1), 77-86.

Everatt, D. (2000). From urban warrior to market segments youth in South Africa 1999-2000. Development Update 3, 1-39.

FitzPatrick, S., Hastings, A., & Kintrea, K. (2000). Youth involvement in urban regeneration: Hard lessons , future directions. Polity and Politics 28, 493 - 509.

Gaventa, J. (2004). Towards participatory governance: Assessing the transformative possibilities. In S. Hickey, & G. Mohan, Participation: From tyranny to transformation? Exploring new approaches in participation (pp. 25-55). London: Zed Books.

Gumede, V. (2016). Post-apartheid South Africa: Economic and social inclusion. New York: Cambria Press.

Howard, S., Newman, L., Harris, V., & Harcourt, J. (2002). Talking about participation: Where, when and why? Paper presented at the Australian Association for Research in Education Conference. Australia: University of Queensland.

Iheduru, O. C. (2004). Victims, national pride and saboteurs: Youth and political participation in post-apartheid South Africa. Paper presented at the Looking back at South Africa ten years on Conference. London: Institute of Commonwealth.

Kelliher, F. (2005). Intepretivism and the pursuit of research legimitisation. Electronic Journal of Business Research 3, 123-132.

Landsdown, G. (2001). Promoting children's participation in democratic decision making. Florence: UNICEF.

Matthew, H. (2003). Children and regeneration: Setting and agenda for community participation and integration. Childrenand Society 17, 264-276.

Mokwena, S. (2001). Youth and nation-building in South Africa: From youth struggles to youth development. Community Youth Development Journal, pp. 7-9.

Moses, S. (2008). Children and participation in South Africa: An overview. International Journal of Children's Rights 16, 327-342.

NPC. (2012). National Development Plan 2030. Pretoria: Government Printers.

Ritchie, J., Lewis, J., & Elam, G. (2003). Designing and selecting samples. In J. Ritchie, & J. Lewis, Qualitative research practice. London: Sage.

RSA. (2008). National Youth Policy 2009 - 2014. Pretoria: Government Printers.

RSA. (2015). National youth policy 2015-2020. Pretoria: Government Printers.

Sinclair, R. (2004). Participation in practice: Making it meaningful, efffective and sustainable. Children and Society, 106-118.

The McCreary Centre Society. (2002). Youth action: The basics of youth participation. Retrieved November 14, 2003, from http://www.mcs.bc.ca/ya base.htm

Thomas, N. (2007). Towards a theory of children's participation. International Journal of Children's Rights 15, 199-218.

Timmerman, G. (2009). Youth policy and participation: An analysis of pedagogical ideals in municipal youth policy in the Netherlands. Children and Youth Services Review 31, 572-576.

UN. (2005). World youth report 2005: Young people today and in 2015. New York: United Nations.

UN. (2006). Guide to the implementation of the World Programme of Action . New York: Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

Webster, N. (2004). Are we getting it right? Effectiveness of current institutional mechanisms for participatory local youth development. Youth Development Journal 15, 58-76.REFERENCES

ANCYL. (2004). Confronting the future, seizing opportunities of democracy. Papers for the African National Congress Youth League 22nd National Congress. Johannesburg: Special Congress Publications.

Author & Chereni, A. (2014). A Review of youth legislations, policies and institutions in South Africa. Pretoria: Department of Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation.

Author. (2014). A review of legislation, policies and institutions related to youth development in South Africa. Pretoria: Department of Monitoring and Evaluation.

Barber, T., & Naulty, M. (2005). YOur place or mine? A research study exploring young people's participation in community planning. University of Dundee. Retrieved January 04, 2006, from http://www.youthlink.co.uk/docs/Practice%20Development/Your%20Place%20or%20Mine%20report.pdf

Borland, K., Hill, M., Laybourn, A., & Stafford, A. (2001). Improving consultation with children and young people in relevant aspects of policy-making and legislation in Scotland. University of Glasgow: Centre for Child and Society.

Buso, N., Mogoera, L., & Lenka, M. (2004). Integrating youth development in the Free State. Bloemfontein: HSRC.

Cornwall, A. (2004). Spaces of transformation? Reflections on issues of power and difference in participation in development. In S. Hickey, & G. Mohan, Participation: From tyranny to transformation? Exploring new approaches in participation (pp. 75-91). London: Zed Books.

De Vos, A. S. (2005). Research at grassroots: For the social sciences and human service proffessions. Van Schaik: Pretoria.

Denzin, N. (1970). The research act in sociology; A theoretical introduction to sociological method. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Denzin, N. (1970a) Strategies of multiple triangulations. In N. Denzin, (Ed.) The research act in sociology: a theoretical introduction to sociological method. New York, McGraw-Hill

Driskell, D., & Kudva, N. (2009). Creating spaces for participation: The role of organisational practice in structuring youth participation. Community Development 40(4), 367-380.

Driskell, D., & Kudva, N. (2009). Everyday ethis: Farmaing youth participation in organisational practice. Les Ateliers de L'ethique 4 (1), 77-86.

Everatt, D. (2000). From urban warrior to market segments youth in South Africa 1999-2000. Development Update 3, 1-39.

FitzPatrick, S., Hastings, A., & Kintrea, K. (2000). Youth involvement in urban regeneration: Hard lessons , future directions. Polity and Politics 28, 493 - 509.

Gaventa, J. (2004). Towards participatory governance: Assessing the transformative possibilities. In S. Hickey, & G. Mohan, Participation: From tyranny to transformation? Exploring new approaches in participation (pp. 25-55). London: Zed Books.

Gumede, V. (2016). Post-apartheid South Africa: Economic and social inclusion. New York: Cambria Press.

Howard, S., Newman, L., Harris, V., & Harcourt, J. (2002). Talking about participation: Where, when and why? Paper presented at the Australian Association for Research in Education Conference. Australia: University of Queensland.

Iheduru, O. C. (2004). Victims, national pride and saboteurs: Youth and political participation in post-apartheid South Africa. Paper presented at the Looking back at South Africa ten years on Conference. London: Institute of Commonwealth.

Kelliher, F. (2005). Intepretivism and the pursuit of research legimitisation. Electronic Journal of Business Research 3, 123-132.

Landsdown, G. (2001). Promoting children's participation in democratic decision making. Florence: UNICEF.

Matthew, H. (2003). Children and regeneration: Setting and agenda for community participation and integration. Childrenand Society 17, 264-276.

Mokwena, S. (2001). Youth and nation-building in South Africa: From youth struggles to youth development. Community Youth Development Journal, pp. 7-9.

Moses, S. (2008). Children and participation in South Africa: An overview. International Journal of Children's Rights 16, 327-342.

NPC. (2012). National Development Plan 2030. Pretoria: Government Printers.

Ritchie, J., Lewis, J., & Elam, G. (2003). Designing and selecting samples. In J. Ritchie, & J. Lewis, Qualitative research practice. London: Sage.

RSA. (2008). National Youth Policy 2009 - 2014. Pretoria: Government Printers.

RSA. (2015). National youth policy 2015-2020. Pretoria: Government Printers.

Sinclair, R. (2004). Participation in practice: Making it meaningful, efffective and sustainable. Children and Society, 106-118.

The McCreary Centre Society. (2002). Youth action: The basics of youth participation. Retrieved November 14, 2003, from http://www.mcs.bc.ca/ya base.htm

Thomas, N. (2007). Towards a theory of children's participation. International Journal of Children's Rights 15, 199-218.

Timmerman, G. (2009). Youth policy and participation: An analysis of pedagogical ideals in municipal youth policy in the Netherlands. Children and Youth Services Review 31, 572-576.

UN. (2005). World youth report 2005: Young people today and in 2015. New York: United Nations.

UN. (2006). Guide to the implementation of the World Programme of Action . New York: Department of Economic and Social Affairs.

Webster, N. (2004). Are we getting it right? Effectiveness of current institutional mechanisms for participatory local youth development. Youth Development Journal 15, 58-76.

Published

2016-12-09

How to Cite

Phaswana, Edith Dinong. 2016. “YOUTH COUNCILLORS’ PERCEPTIONS OF PARTICIPATION AT A MUNICIPAL LEVEL: THE CASE OF A LIMPOPO DISTRICT MUNICIPALITY”. Africanus: Journal of Development Studies 46 (1):76-92. https://doi.org/10.25159/0304-615X/1512.

Issue

Section

Articles
Received 2016-09-13
Accepted 2016-09-13
Published 2016-12-09