The Deification of Black Consciousness as an Alternative Ideology in Simphiwe Dana’s “Bantu Biko Street”


  • Mzukisi Lento University of South Africa



gender-based violence, xenophobia, apartheid, alternative, Bantu Biko, Black Consciousness, black pride, communal, sharing


In the context of gender-based violence and xenophobia (black on black violence), the question is being asked whether black people hate themselves. Scholars have sought explanations for these social ills in socio-economic challenges that are a legacy of apartheid. These challenges have continued in the post-apartheid era. One cultural site in which poverty and violence have been reflected is the song “Bantu Biko Street” by Simphiwe Dana. The singer invokes Bantu Biko’s philosophy of Black Consciousness as a possible solution. This article closely reads this song and argues that the current government fails to deliver its material promises. The article also depicts Black Consciousness as a possible alternative ideology to foster black pride, hope and communal sharing.



How to Cite

Lento, Mzukisi. 2021. “The Deification of Black Consciousness As an Alternative Ideology in Simphiwe Dana’s ‘Bantu Biko Street’”. Commonwealth Youth and Development 18 (1):15 pages.



Received 2020-09-29
Accepted 2020-12-03
Published 2021-07-27