Education, Training and Work under Neoliberalism in South Africa: Toward Alternatives

Salim Vally, Enver Motala

Abstract


This article conceptualises the overall relationship between a democratic society, socially useful labour and its implications for education and training and unemployment, particularly youth unemployment. The article analyses the ideas and practices that are dominant in the language, ideologies and practices of human capital theory—a theory which has mutated and survived through its various incarnations. We begin by examining the culture of “job consciousness” critically. Thereafter, we explore the implications of unemployment for conceptions of work and education and follow this examination by discussing alternative and socially useful forms of the organisation of work. Finally we deal with the meaning of these alternatives for educational processes and learning and conclude with concrete instances and possibilities based on the production of socially necessary and useful goods and services—outside the forms of commodification that are at the heart of capitalist production. 


Keywords


alternative education; commodification; education and neoliberalism; education and work; socially useful labour; unemployment

Full Text:

PDF

References


Barchesi F. 2011. Precarious Liberation: Workers, the State, and Contested Social Citizenship in Postapartheid South Africa. New York: SUNY Press.

Bowles, S., and H. Gintis. 1976. Schooling in Capitalist America. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul.

Brown, P., H. Lauder, and D. Ashton. 2011. The Global Auction: The Broken Promises of Education, Jobs, and Incomes. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Carnoy, M., and H. Levin. 1984. The Dialectic of Education and Work. Stanford: Stanford University Press.

Coleman, G. 1990. “A History of The South African Committee for Higher Education (SACHED) 1959‒1987.” MA dissertation, University of Natal.

Cooper, L., and S. Walters, eds. 2009. Learning/Work: Turning Work and Lifelong Learning Inside Out. Cape Town: HSRC Press.

Denning, M. 2010. “Wageless Life.” New Left Review, no. 66, 79‒97.

Eastern Sociological Society. 2013. “Call for Submissions: Invisible Work 2014 Conference.” Accessed November 14, 2017. http://www.essnet.org/annual-meeting/call-for-papers/

Foster, J. B. 1994. The Vulnerable Planet: A Short Economic History of the Environment. New York: Monthly Review Press.

Foster, J. B., and M. D. Yates. 2014. “Piketty and the Crisis of Neoclassical Economics.” Monthly Review: An Independent Socialist Magazine 66 (6). Acccessed November 14, 2017. https://monthlyreview.org/2014/11/01/piketty-and-the-crisis-of-neoclassical-economics/

Fraser, N. 2016. “Contradictions of Capital and Care.” New Left Review, no. 100, 99‒117.

Galbraith, J. K. 1977. The Age of Uncertainty. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Harvey, D. 2014. Seventeen Contradictions and the End of Capitalism. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Harvey, D. 2105. “Consolidating Power.” Interview with A. K. Malabocas. Roar Magazine. Accessed November 14, 2017. https://roarmag.org/magazine/david-harvey-consolidating-power/

Hossein-Zadeh, I. 2014. “Class Interests as Economic Theory.” Counterpunch, November 14. Accessed November 14, 2017. http://www.counterpunch.org/2014/11/14/class-interests-as-economic-theory/

Hyslop-Margison, E. J., and A. Sears. 2006. Neo-Liberalism, Globalization and Human Capital Learning: Reclaiming Education for Democratic Citizenship. Dordrecht: Springer.

Klees, S. 2017. “Beyond Neoliberalism: Reflections on Capitalism and Education.” Policy Futures in Education. https://doi.org/10.1177/1478210317715814

Morris, W. 2008. Useful Work versus Useless Toil. London: Penguin Great Ideas.

Motala, E. forthcoming 2017. “Alternative Education: Examining Past Experiences Critically.” In Reflections on Knowledge, Learning and Social Movements: History’s Schools, edited by A. Choudry and S. Vally. London: Routledge.

Motala, E., and J. Treat. 2014. “Misrepresenting Unemployment: Evidence and Implications.” Post-School Education Journal 1 (1): 16‒8.

Piketty. T. 2014. Capital in the Twenty-First Century. Cambridge: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. https://doi.org/10.4159/9780674369542

Standing, G. 2011. The Precariat: The New Dangerous Class. London: Bloomsbury Publishing.

Staples, J., ed. 2007. Livelihoods at the Margins: Surviving the City. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.

Stiglitz, J. 2012. The Price of Inequality. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.

Vally, S., and E. Motala. 2014. Education, Economy and Society. Pretoria: UNISA Press.

Van Rensburg, P. 1974. Report from Swaneng Hill: Education and Employment in an African Country. Stockholm: Almqvist and Wiksell and the Dag Hammarskjold Foundation.

Van Rensburg, P. 2001. Making Education Work: The What, Why and How of Education with Production. Johannesburg: Foundation for Education with Production International.

Weinberg, A. 2015. “Preparing Students for Work as Citizens.” In Democracy’s Education: Public Work, Citizenship, and the Future of Colleges and Universities, edited by H. C. Boyte. Nashville: Vanderbilt University Press.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.