• Johanna Erzberger University of Pretoria


Song Rab. 4:16–5:1, Num. Rab. 13, Pesiq. Rab. 5, and Lev. Rab. 9, which offer interpretations of Song 4:16–5:1, are to a high degree made up of the same fixed text passages. They are, however, characterised by different selections, different versions, and different ways in which they organise the shared material by means of different models of Israel’s remembered history, which serve as “hypertextsâ€. Differing interpretations of Song 4:16–5:1, and especially the understanding of the significance of the garden in the Song, are linked with the midrashim’s differing interpretations of Israel’s remembered history. The way in which identical material is used by these different midrashim to make different statements makes them a good example of the handling of traditional material by haggadic rabbinic midrashim.


Bakhos, C 2006. Method(ological) matters in the study of Midrash, in Bakhos 2006:161–187.

Bakhos, C (ed.) 2006. Current trends in the study of Midrash. Leiden: Brill.

Bar’Ilan University (ed.) 2014. Responsa Project. Version 22+. Tel Aviv: Bar’Ilan University.

Bodendorfer, G & Millard, M (eds) 1998. Bibel und Midrasch. Zur Bedeutung der rabbinischen Exegese für die Bibelwissenschaft. FAT 22. Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.

Boyarin, D 1990. Intertextuality and the Reading of Midrash. Indianapolis: Bloomington.

Brooks, R & Collins, J J (eds) 1990. Hebrew Bible or Old Testament? Studying the Bible in Judaism and Christianity. Christianity and Judaism in antiquity 5. Notre Dame, Ind.: University of Notre Dame Press.

Erzberger, J 2010. Kain, Abel und Israel. Die Rezeption von Gen 4:1-16 in rabbinischen Midraschim. BWANT 192. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer.

Goldberg, A 1990. Formen und Funktionen von Schriftauslegung in der frührabbinischen Literatur (1. Jh.v.Chr. bis 8. Jh.n.Chr.), Linguistica Biblica 64:5–22.

Goldberg, A 1985. Form-analysis of midrashic literature as a method of description, in Goldberg and Schlüter 1985:80-95.

Goldberg, A & Schlüter, M (eds) 1985. Rabbinische Texte als Gegenstand der Auslegung. Texte und Studien zum Antiken Judentum 73. Tübingen: Mohr.

Hartley, J E 2000. Leviticus. Word Biblical Commentary 4. Waco Tex.: Word Books Publ.

Hartman, G H & Budick S (eds) 1986. Midrash and literature. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press.

Hieke, T 2014. Levitikus 1–15. HThKAT. Freiburg i.Br.: Herder.

Keel, O 1986. Das Hohelied. Zürcher Bibelkommentare AT 18. Zürich: Theologischer Verlag.

Kugel, J L 1986. Two introductions to Midrash, in Hartman & Budick 1986:77–103.

Kugel, J L 1990. Cain and Abel in Fact and Fable, in Brooks and Collins 1990:167-190.

Margulies, M (ed.) 1999. הבר ×רקיו שרדמ . 2 Bd. New York: Maxwell Abbell Publ. Fund.

Milgrom, J 1991. Leviticus 1–16. The Anchor Bible 3. New York NY: Doubleday.

Neusner, J 1988. Midrash in context. Exegesis in formative Judaism. Brown Judaic Studies 141. Atlanta, Ga.: Scholars Press.

_______ 1989. Invitation to Midrash. The workings of rabbinic Bible interpretation. A teaching book. San Francisco: Harper & Row.

Porton, G G 1985. Understanding rabbinic Midrash. Texts and commentary. The Library of Judaic learning 5. Hoboken N.J.: Ktav Publishing House.

Samely, A 2007. Forms of rabbinic literature and thought. An introduction. New York: Oxford University Press.

Shinan, A & Zakovitch, Y 1986. Midrash on Scripture and midrash within Scripture, ScrHie 31:257–77.

Staubli, T 1996. Die Bücher Leviticus Numeri. Neuer Stuttgarter Kommentar: Altes Testament 3. Stuttgart: Verlag Katholisches Bibelwerk.

Stemberger, G 1992. Einleitung in Talmud und Midrasch. München: Beck.

Stern, D 1996. Midrash and theory. Ancient Jewish exegesis and contemporary literary studies. Rethinking Theory. Evanston, Ill: Northwestern University Press.

Teugels, L M 1998. Midrash in the Bible or Midrash on the Bible? Critical remarks about the uncritical use of a term, in Bodendorfer and Millard 1998:43–63.

Schwienhorst-Schönberger, L 2015. Das Hohelied der Liebe. Freiburg i.Br.: Herder.

Wright A G 1967. The literary genre Midrash. New York: Alba House.

Zakovitch, Y 2004. Das Hohelied. HThKAT. Freiburg i.Br.: Herder

Back Isssues