Micahâ€™s Theory of the Justice of Judgement (Micah 3:1-12)
This article is an examination of Micahâ€™s theory of justice within the overall context of his oracles of judgements. While there are competing perspectives in the justice of judgement in the book of Micah, particularly in relation to the extent of judgement, this article concerns itself with the interrelatedness and connection between sin and judgement. The judgements envisioned in Micahâ€™s oracles are provoked by the violations of the traditional moral and social solidarities resulting from the Covenant, which formed the basis of society. As an egalitarian society, the social blueprint of Yahwehâ€™s Torah for Israel advocated special concern for weak and vulnerable individuals as fundamental. The gift of Torah inaugurated Israel as a community meant to personify Yahwehâ€™s justice. However, increasing injustice profoundly jeopardized this witness to Godâ€™s healing agenda. For failing to uphold justice the perpetrators are liable and the judgements constitute justice. This justice may not necessarily be corrective in quality but punitive. The article therefore examines briefly the background, structure, and approaches to the book of Micah, analyses a unit of judgement oracle (3:1â€“12), and concludes by synthesising Micahâ€™s theory of justice within the overall context of his oracles of judgements.