CANONICAL NARRATIVE SCHEMA: A KEY TO UNDERSTANDING THE VICTORY DISCOURSE IN JUDITH: A GREIMASSIAN CONTRIBUTION
A historical critical approach to narratives has contributed significantly to the analysis of ancient narratives. However, this approach has somehow unfairly ignored some other critical aspects of many ancient narratives. Judith is no exception to this claim. While appreciating the contribution of historical critical approaches to Judith (i.e., the questions on authorship, historical and geographical inconsistencies etc.), the aim of this article is to go beyond the historicity of Judith, and reveal some narrative techniques employed by the author in creating a woman protagonist who is destined to achieve the unthinkable in the minds of the men of her contemporary world. This article explores these narrative techniques by employing the narrative analysis, narrative syntax in particular, of the Greimassian approach to narrative texts. Subsequently, this article contributes to research of Judith by revealing the path that Judith followed on her quest to save the Jewish religion from extinction during the Second Temple period.
Ames, F R 2008. The meaning of war: definitions for the study of war in ancient Israel literature, in Kelle & Ames 2008:19â€“32.
Dahbany, M D 2009. Was Judith an Esheth Chayil? Women in Judaism: A Multidisciplinary Journal 6/2:1-9.
DeSilva, D A 2006. Judith the heroine?: lies, seduction, and murder in cultural perspective, Biblical Theology Bulletin, 36:55â€“61.
Efthimiadis-Keith, H 2004. The enemy is within. Boston: Brill Academic Publishers.
Eliade, M (ed.) 1987. The encyclopedia of religion. Vol. 16. New York: Macmillan.
Farmer, W R (ed.) 1998. The international Bible commentary: a Catholic and ecumenical commentary for the twenty-first century. Collegeville, Minnesota: The Liturgical Press.
Greimas, A J 1990. Narrative semiotics and cognitive discourses. London: Pinter Publishers.
Greimas, A J & Courtes, J 1982. Semiotics and language: an analytical dictionary. Bloomington, Indiana: University Press.
Harrington, D J 1999. Invitation to the Apocrypha. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans Publishing Company.
Hobyane, R S 2014. The compositional/narrative structure of Judith: A Greimassian perspective, Old Testament Essays 27/3:896â€“912.
Jordaan, P J & Hobyane, R S 2009. Writing and reading war: Rhetoric, gender, and ethics in Judith, Ekklesiastikos Pharos 91:238â€“247.
Kanonge, D M 2009. The emergence of women in the LXX Apocrypha. PhD dissertation. Potchefstroom: NWU.
Kelle, B E & Ames, F R (eds) 2008. Writing and reading war: rhetoric, gender and ethics in the biblical and modern contexts. Atlanta: Society of Biblical Literature.
Levine, A 1992. Sacrifice and salvation: otherness and domestication in the book of Judith, in Vanderkam 1992:17-30.
Lincoln, B 1987. War and warriors, in Eliade 1987:339â€“344.
Martin, B & Ringham, F 2000. Dictionary of semiotics. London: Cassel.
Moore, C A 1985. Judith. Garden City, New York: Doubleday.
Nickelsburg, G W 2005. Jewish literature between the Bible and the Mishnah. 2nd ed. Minneapolis: Fortress.
Raja, R J 1998. Judith, in Farmer 1998:696â€“706.
Roitman, A D 1992. Achior in the book of Judith: His role and significance, in Vanderkam 1992:31â€“46.
Steyn, G J 2008. Beautiful but tough: a comparison of LXX Esther, Judith and Susanna, Journal for Semitics 17/1:156â€“181.
Vanderkam, J C (ed.) 1992. No one spoke ill of her: essays on Judith. Atlanta: Scholars Press.
White, S A 1992. In the steps of Jael and Deborah: Judith as heroine, in Vanderkam 1992:5â€“16