DISSEMINATION AND USE OF INFORMATION ON CLIMATE CHANGE AND VARIABILITY: A CASE STUDY OF FARMERS IN MALUGA AND CHIBELA VILLAGES IN SEMI-ARID CENTRAL TANZANIA
This study was part of broader PhD research which investigated how access to, and use of, information enhances adaptation to climate change and variability in the agricultural sector in semi-arid Central Tanzania. The research was carried out in two villages using Rogers’ Diffusion of Innovations theory and model to assess the dissemination of this information and its use by farmers in their adaptation of their farming practices to climate change and variability. This predominantly qualitative study employed a post-positivist paradigm. Some elements of a quantitative approach were also deployed in the data collection and analysis. The principal data collection methods were interviews and focus group discussions. The study population comprised farmers, agricultural extension officers and the Climate Change Adaptation in Africa project manager. Qualitative data were subjected to content analysis whereas quantitative data were analysed to generate mostly descriptive statistics using SPSS.
Key findings of the study show that farmers perceive a problem in the dissemination and use of climate information for agricultural development. They found access to agricultural inputs to be expensive, unreliable and untimely. To mitigate the adverse effects of climate change and variability on farming effectively, the study recommends the repackaging of current and accurate information on climate change and variability, farmer education and training, and collaboration between researchers, meteorology experts, and extension officers and farmers. Moreover, a clear policy framework for disseminating information related to climate change and variability is required.
Adejuwon, JO., Odekunle, TO. & Omotayo, MO. 2008. Using seasonal weather forecasts for adapting food production to climate variability and change in Nigeria, in Leary, N., James, A., Barros, V., Burton, I., Kulkarni, J. & Lasco, R. (eds). Climate change and adaptation. London: Earthscan:163-180.
Adomi, EE., Ogbomo, MO. & Inoni, OE. 2003. Gender factor in crop farmers’ access to agricultural information in rural areas of Delta State, Nigeria. Library Review 52 (8): 388-393.
Agrawal, A. 2008.The role of local institutions in adaptation to climate change. Washington, DC. http://www.icarus.info/wp-content/uploads/2009/11/agrawal-adaptation-institutions-livelihoods.pdf (Accessed 15 May 2012).
Agwaru, G., Matsiko, F. & Delve, R. 2004. Assessing approaches for dissemination of research information to farmers within their livelihood situation in Tororo district, Uganda. Uganda Journal of Agricultural Sciences 9:265-270.
Agwu, AE.,Ekwueme, JN. &Anyanwu, AC. 2008. Adoption of improved agricultural technologies disseminated via radio farmer programme by farmers in Enugu state, Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology 7(9):1277-1286.
Apata, TG., Samuel, KD. & Adeola, AO. 2009. Analysis of climate change perceptions and adaptation among arable food crop farmers in South Western Nigeria. Paper presented at the International Association of Agricultural Economists' 2009 Conference, Beijing, China, August 16-22, 2009. < http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/51365/2/final%20IAAE%20doc.pdf>(Accessed 30 May 2012).
Cash, D. 2001.In order to aid diffusing useful and practical information. Science and Technology and Human Values 26(4):431-453. Accessed 7 November 2013.
Climate Change Adaptation in Africa (CCAA). 2009. Strengthening local agricultural innovation systems in less favoured and more favoured areas of Tanzania and Malawi to adapt to the challenges and opportunities arising from climate change and variability: local perceptions, vulnerability current and future adaptation strategies. Dar es Salaam: CCAA. http://www.ccaa-agrictama.or.tz/ (Accessed 27 February 2012).
Chang’a, LB.,Yanda, PZ. & Ngana, J. 2010. Indigenous knowledge in seasonal rainfall prediction in Tanzania: a case of the south-western highland of Tanzania. Journal of Geography and Regional Planning 3(4):66-72.
Cherotich, VK., Saidu, O. & Bebe, BO. 2012. Access to climate change information and support services by the vulnerable groups in semi-arid Kenya for adaptive capacity development. African Crop Science Journal 20(2):169-180.
Chikozho, C. 2010. Applied social research and action priorities for adaptation to climate change and rainfall variability in the rain-fed agricultural sector of Zimbabwe. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 35(13-14):780-790.
Chilimo, WL. 2008. Information and communication technologies and sustainable livelihoods: a case of selected rural areas of Tanzania. PhD thesis. Pietermaritzburg: University of KwaZulu-Natal.
Deressa, T., Hassan, RM., Alemu, T., Ringler, C. & Yesuf, M. 2008. Analyzing the determinants of farmers’ choice of adaptation methods and perceptions of climate change in the Nile Basin of Ethiopia. Global Environmental Change 19:248–255.
Devereux, S. & Edward, J. 2004.Climate change and food security. Institute of Development Studies Bulletin 35(3):22-30.
Elia, E. 2014.Information dissemination for adaptation to climate change and variability in the agricultural sector: the case of Maluga and Chibelela villages, Central Tanzania. PhD thesis. Pietermaritzburg: University of KwaZulu-Natal.
Eriksen, S., Brown, K. & Kelly, PM. 2005. The dynamics of vulnerability: locating coping strategies in Kenya and Tanzania. Geographic Journal 171:287-305.
Gwambene, B. 2007.Climate change and variability adaptation strategies and its implication on land resources in Rungwe District, Tanzania. Dar es Salaam: Dar es Salaam University Press.
Gwimbi, P. 2009. Cotton farmers’ vulnerability to climate change in Gokwe district: impact and influencing factors. Journal of Disaster Risk Studies 2(2):81-92.
Hellmuth, ME., Moorhead, A., Thomson, MC. & Williams, J. (eds). 2007. Climate risk management in Africa: learning from practice. International Research Institute for Climate and Society (IRI), New York: Colombia University.
Hulme, M., Doherty, R., Ngara, T., New, M. & Lister, D. (2001). African climate change: 1900–2100. Climate Research 17:145–168.
Ingram, K., Roncoli, C. & Kirshen, P. 2002. Reading the rains: local knowledge and rainfall forecasting in Burkina Faso. Society and Natural Resources: an International Journal 15(5):409-427.
Kadi, M., Njau, LN., Mwikya, J. & Kamga, A. 2011. The state of climate information services for agriculture and food security in East African countries. Climate Change Agriculture and Food Security Working paper 5. Copenhagen: Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIR).
Kandji, S. & Verchot, L. 2007. Impacts of and adaptation to climate variability and climate change in the East African community: a focus on the agricultural sector http://worldagroforestrycentre.net/downloads/publications/PDFS/RP07172.pdf(Accessed 20 November 2013).
Kalusopa, T. 2005.The challenges of utilizing information communication technologies (ICTs) for the small-scale farmers in Zambia. Library Hi Tech 23(3):414-424.
Leedy, PD. & Ormrod, JE. 2005.Practical research: planning and design. 8th ed. New York: Prentice Hall.
Lema, M. & Majule, AE. 2009. Impacts of climate change, variability and adaptation strategies on agriculture in semi-arid areas of Tanzania: the case of Manyoni District in
Singida Region, Tanzania. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology 3(8):206-218.
Lwoga, ET. 2009. Application of knowledge management approaches and information and communication technologies to manage indigenous knowledge in the agricultural sector in selected districts of Tanzania. PhD thesis. Pietermaritzburg: University of KwaZulu-Natal.
Manda, P. 2002. Information and agricultural development in Tanzania: a critique. Information Development 18:181-189.
Mandleni, B. & Anim, FDK. 2011. Climate awareness and decision on adaptation measures by livestock farmers in South Africa. Journal of Agricultural Science 3(3):258-268.
Mchombu, KJ. 2001. Research on measuring the impact of information on rural development, in Stilwell, C., Leach, A. & Burton, S. (eds). Knowledge, information and development: an African perspective: 229-238. http://www.infs.ukzn.ac.za/kiad/16mchom.doc (Accessed 12 October 2013).
Mengistu, D. 2011. Farmers’ perception and knowledge of climate change and their coping strategies to the related hazards: case study from Adiha, Central Ethiopia. Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2(2):138-145.
Mensah-Fosu, BY.,Vlek, PLG. & Manschadi, AM. 2010. Farmers’ perception and adaptation to climate change: a case study of Sekyedumase district in Ghana. http://www.tropentag.de/2010/abstracts/full/203.pdf(Accessed 15 May 2012).
Meyer, HWJ. 2000. The transfer of agricultural information to rural communities. PhD thesis. Pretoria: University of Pretoria. (Accessed 7 November 2013).
Meyer, HWJ. 2003. Communication mechanisms of indigenous knowledge systems: gateway to untapped resources. Mousaion 21(1):27-52.
Meyer, HWJ. 2005. The nature of information, and the effective use of information in rural development. Information Research 10(2):1-24. http://informationr.net/ir/10-2/paper214.html(Accessed 10 November 2013).
Mowo, J., Tanui, J., Masuki, K., Lyamchai, C. & Adimassu, Z. 2011.Transforming knowledge to enhance integrated natural resource management research, development and advocacy in the highlands of Eastern Africa. Working paper 128. Nairobi: World Agroforestry Centre. (Accessed 20 August 2013).
Mukhala, E. 2000. Meteorological services and farmers in Africa: Is there shared meaning? http://www.fao.org/sd/cddirect/cdre0051.htm (Accessed 20 August 2013).
Munyua, HM. 2011. Agricultural knowledge and information systems (AKISs) among small-scale farmers in Kirinyaga district, Kenya. PhD thesis. Pietermaritzburg: University of KwaZulu-Natal.
Mutekwa, VT. 2009. Climate change impacts and adaptation in the agricultural sector: the case of smallholder farmers in Zimbabwe. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa 11(2): 237-256.
Muyepa, F. 2002. The role of agricultural information in poverty monitoring in Malawi. Paper read at the Poverty Monitoring Stakeholders Workshop. (Accessed 18 November 2011).
Orindi, VA. & Murray, L A. 2005. Adaptation to climate change in East Africa: a strategic approach, international institute for environment development. Gatekeeper Series 117 (Accessed 20 September 2012).
Pickard, AJ. 2007. Research methods in information. London: Facet Publishing.
Raju, K. 2000. Towards access to information in rural India. Information Services and Use 20(1):31-37.
Rogers, EM. 2003. Diffusion of innovations. 5thed. New York: Free Press.
Roncoli, C. 2006. Ethnographic and participatory approaches to research on farmers’ responses to climate predictions. Climate Research 33:81-99.
Shetto, MC. 2008. Strategies for scaling-up outputs of research on natural resources management: the case of rainwater harvesting research in Tanzania. PhD thesis. Morogoro: Sokoine University of Agriculture, Tanzania.
Tarhule, AA. 2007. Climate information for development: an integrated dissemination model. Africa Development 32(4):127-138.
Tarhule, AA. & Lamb, PJ. 2003. Climate research and seasonal forecasting for West Africans: perceptions, dissemination and use? Bulletin of American Meteorological Society 84(12):1741-1759.
Yanda, PZ. & Mubaya, CP. 2011. Managing Climate in Africa: local level vulnerabilities and adaptation experiences. Dar es Salaam: MkukinaNyota.
Ziervogel, G. & Opere, A. 2010. (eds). Integrating meteorological and indigenous knowledge-based seasonal climate forecasts for the agricultural sector: lessons from participatory action research in sub-Saharan Africa. Ottawa: International Development Research Centre.
- There are currently no refbacks.