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Barend van der Merwe, Tshitso Challa


Archiving is a process that involves the carefully documented storage of historical objects and documents. History involves events that we choose to remember or forget, nevertheless, the year 2014 is no insignificant year. Not only did South Africans celebrate 20 years of democracy, it was also 100 years since the outbreak of the First World War (1914–1918), the Rebellion of South Africa, as well as the establishment of the National Party of South Africa. It also marked 40 years since the establishment of Qwaqwa, a former “homeland” of South Africa. This article critically reflects on the establishment of Qwaqwa by introducing its records and exploring the key questions: What is the main legacy of the establishment of Qwaqwa for South Africans? How was Qwaqwa managed and who were its influential leaders? Against this backdrop, this article will also discuss the role of the Dikwankwetla Party and the resettlement aspect. It is hoped that the introduction of these records will stimulate further research into the topic of the South African homeland system and cultivate greater insights into the country’s contested history.


apartheid, homelands, mopeli, mangope, archiving, multinational development

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