Are We Clear on Indigenisation and Youth Empowerment in Zimbabwe? The Views of Some Young Zimbabweans on the Governmentâ€™s Indigenisation and Youth Empowerment Initiatives
Post-colonial Zimbabwe has witnessed two major black empowerment initiatives, namely the land reform and the indigenisation programmes, in terms of which the government has worked towards taking back land and resources from the minority white population and redistributing these to the majority black population. The indigenisation programme has been criticised by some, whereas others have hailed it as a significant milestone in the empowerment of the local black people. The government of Zimbabwe has sought to empower various sectors of the population, namely the youth, women and men. Young people in the country are set to benefit from these initiatives, which have made funds and resources available. However, the indigenisation and youth empowerment initiatives have either been misunderstood by, or are unknown to a number of young people, who have therefore not benefited from them. The purpose of the study was to find out whether a particular group of young people in Bulawayo knew about the indigenisation and youth empowerment initiatives and to elicit their views about these programmes. The target population was a church youth empowerment group, which had four subgroups of twelve members each. The qualitative research methodology was applied, with the case study research design and focus group interviews being used to gather data. Data analysis was conducted on the narratives of the research participants. The study revealed that the majority of the young people who participated in the study were not well informed regarding the indigenisation programme.
Bhattacherjee, A. 2012. Social Science Research: Principles, Methods and Practice. Textbook collections. Book 3. http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/oa_textbooks/3 (accessed October 10, 2015).
Chinamasa, P. 2013. The 2014 Zimbabwe National Budget Statement: Towards an Empowered Society and a Growing Economy. Presented to the Parliament of Zimbabwe on December 19, 2013. Harare, Zimbabwe.
Cohen, L., L. Manion, and K. Morrison. 2007. Research Methods in Education. 6th ed. London: Routledge.
DTI. 2003. South Africaâ€™s Economic Transformation: A Strategy for Broad-based Black Economic Empowerment. www.info.gov.za/otherdocs/2003/dtistat.pdf (accessed October 1, 2015).
Dube, C. F. 2013. â€œZimbabweâ€™s Indigenisation Programme (ZIP): The Process, the Benefits and the Challenges.â€ Victoria Falls: ICAZ Winter School.
Family Health International. 2005. Qualitative Research Methods: A Data Collectorâ€™s Field Guide. North Carolina: Family Health International.
Karikoga, K. N.d. Taking Youth Development, Indigenization and Empowerment to Greater Heights. Harare: Budiriro Think Tank.
Malaba, J. A., and J. T. Chipika. 2012. A Gender Assessment of African Regional Economic Communities Databases to Identify Gaps in Capturing the Activities of Women in Informal Cross-border Trade. http://ecastats.uneca.org/acsweb/Portals/0/Publications/DSS/ECA%20WICBT%20COMBINED%20AFRICA%20FINAL%20REPORT%20Wilhelmina%20Edited%20LD%20Revised%20Clean%20Edit.pdf (accessed October 2, 2015).
Maphosa, F. 1998. â€œTowards the Sociology of Zimbabwean Indigenous Entrepreneurship.â€ Zambezia 25 (2): 173â€“190.
Matyszak, D. 2014. Madness and Indigenisation: A History of Insanity in the Age of Lawlessness. Harare: Research & Advocacy Unit.
New African Magazine. 2013. Zimbabwe Special Report, July.
Noor, K. B. M. 2008. â€œCase Study: A Strategic Research Methodology.â€ American Journal of Applied Sciences 5 (11): 1602â€“1604.
Runeson, P., and M. Host. 2009. â€œGuidelines for Conducting and Reporting Case Study Research in Software Engineering.â€ Empirical Software Engineering 14:131â€“164.
Youth Development Department in the Ministry of Youth Development Gender and Employment Creation Zimbabwe. 2000. The National Youth Policy Zimbabwe. http://www.researchandadvocacyunit.org/system/files/Lawlessness%20%26%20Indigenisation%20in%20Zimbabwe.pdf (accessed September 22, 2015).
Youth Forum Information and Publicity Department. n.d. Promoting Informed Youth Participation and Empowerment. www.youthforumzim.org (accessed October 5, 2015).