Decolonisation, Identity, Neo-Colonialism and Power
This paper explores the implications of â€œdecolonisation,â€ first by focusing on the work of African thinker, Frantz Fanonâ€™s work in this regard, particularly his insistence that decolonisation entails the creation of â€œnewâ€ people, before moving on to the related question of â€œidentity.â€ Here the emphasis is on the work of Manuel Castells, specifically his examination of three kinds of identity-construction, the third of which he regards as being the most important category for understanding this process in the 21st century, namely â€œresistance identity.â€ It is argued that this casts the decolonisation debate in South Africa in an intelligible light. An interpretation of E.M. Forsterâ€™s paradigmatically â€œdecolonisingâ€ novel, A Passage to India, is offered to unpack the meaning of the concept further, before switching the terrain to the question of the urgent need for a different kind of decolonisation, today, pertaining to the economic neo-colonisation of the world by neoliberal capitalism. The work of Hardt and Negri on the emerging world order under what they call â€œEmpireâ€ is indispensable in this regard, and their characterisation of the subject under neoliberal Empire in terms of the figures of the indebted, securitised, mediatised and represented, stresses the need for global decolonisation in the name of democracy. This part of the paper is concluded with a consideration of what decolonisation is really â€œall about,â€ namely power.
Copyright (c) 2019 Bert Olivier
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