â€œWHEN EVERYTHING STARTS TO FLOWâ€: NKRUMAH AND IRIGARAY IN SEARCH OF EMANCIPATORY ONTOLOGIES
Keywords: Irigaray, Nkrumah, consciencism, fluid ontology, difference, emancipation, materialism, decolonisation, humanism
AbstractA more explicit, comprehensive and sustained dialogue between the African philosophical and Western feminist traditions would yield insights at once rich and useful to both traditions, and beyond, e.g. to the African feminist tradition. Here, I place the work of Belgian philosopher Luce Irigaray in discussion with Ghanaian Kwame Nkrumahâ€™s conception of â€œconsciencismâ€. What they most saliently share is an understanding of how the dichotomies central to traditional Western philosophy (mind-body and idealism-materialism) have been key in the structural exclusion and oppression of the â€œothersâ€ of this dominant tradition. Both are convinced that Western metaphysics serve ideological purposes and help to perpetuate relations of domination. Both struggle with the question of how to effectively resist this specific violence of the Western philosophical tradition without repeating its logic. Most importantly for the current analysis, in their search for sources for resistance and emancipation, Nkrumah and Irigaray do not remain with diagnoses; instead both assume or construct a fluid ontology outside of, or beyond, this dominant symbolic order.
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