The Bantu Presbyterian Church of South Africa and Ecumenism: 1923–1939

Graham Duncan


The Bantu Presbyterian Church of South Africa (BPCSA) was birthed out of a quest for union amongst Presbyterians, which began in the 1890s more than 30 years before it was actually established as the fruit of the mission of the United Free Church of Scotland in 1923. From that date onwards church union hardly ever disappeared from the agenda of the highest court of the denomination, the General Assembly. During the twentieth century such discussions involved two of the three other Presbyterian churches and the Congregational Union of South Africa. In addition, the BPCSA has maintained a high ecumenical profile in both the South African and global contexts. The main thrust of this article describes and analyses the vicissitudes of Presbyterian conversations during the period 1923–39


Bantu (Reformed) Presbyterian Church of South Africa (BPCSA, RPCSA); Tsonga (Evangelical) Church of South Africa (TPCSA, EPCSA); Presbyterian Church of South(ern) Africa (PCSA); United Congregational Church of South Africa (UCCSA)

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